Causes of Pain During Sexual Intercourse in Women and Their Treatments
Painful sexual intercourse is also referred to as dyspareunia. The problem is most common in women. Here are some causes of painful intercourse:
Vaginismus: This is a condition whereby a woman’s vagina spam or squeeze when something is entering inside her. It is normally uncomfortable and also painful. The pain occurs when penetration takes place and goes after withdrawal of the penis. Many women have described the pain as a tearing sensation. Vaginismus is usually linked to fear or anxiety of having sex. Some medical problems such as infections can also cause painful intercourse. Women with this problem can do exercises in order to make the muscles around vagina relax thus experiencing comfortable insertion. The muscles that are used to stop the flow of urine should be squeezed for a period of 2 seconds. After a short period of time, insert your finger inside your vagina while doing the exercises. Later, you will feel your vagina’s muscles contracting and you will feel comfortable removing and inserting again.
Vaginitis: This is a term used to describe conditions that cause inflammation and infection of the vagina. The condition can result from an infection in vagina caused by organisms such as yeast, bacteria, sprays, viruses and creams. The common symptoms of vaginitis include: burning urination, discomfort during sexual intercourse, unpleasant vaginal discharge and itching around vaginal area. A woman produces a discharge from her vagina that is non-irritating, odor- free and clear. During menstrual cycle, the amount of discharge varies greatly. Abnormal discharge is usually irritating and has a bad odor. The irritation is usually burning and itching. The most common types of vaginal infections include: bacterial vaginosis, Chlamydia vaginitis, Trichomoniasis vaginitis, Candida, Non-infectious vaginitis and viral vaginitis.
Problems with the uterus: Uterus is also referred to as womb which is the lower abdomen located between the rectum and the bladder. Some of the common problems that affect the uterus include: unexpected pelvic pain, heavy bleeding during menstruation cycle, hormonal imbalances, fibroids and endometriosis.
Endometriosis: This refers to a common health problem in women. The problem occurs when the tissue that lines the womb or uterus grow outside the uterus. Often, endometriosis is found on the fallopian tubes, outer service of the uterus, ovaries and in the tissues that hold the uterus in place. Some sites where growth takes place include: vulva, cervix, bladder, vagina, rectum and bowel. Pain, infertility, bleeding and digestive problems are the most common symptoms of endometriosis. Women always experiences different kinds of pain such as intestinal pain, very painful menstrual cramps, pain during or after sexual intercourse, pain when urinating and chronic pain experienced in the lower back. If bleeding occurs often, you should seek medical attention. Digestive problems include: nausea, constipation, diarrhea and bloating. Growths caused by endometriosis are not cancerous but they still cause problems. Recent research proved that endometriosis growths bleed the same way the lining inside the uterus bleeds every month. This problem can trigger pain and swelling since the tissue bleeds and grows in an area where it cannot get out of the body. When the growths expand, they can cause more problems including: inflammation, bladder problems, blocking of fallopian tubes and formation of adhesions and scar tissue. This health problem can happen to any woman or girl who has never gave birth before, who experiences short menstrual cycle or who have long menstrual cycle. The major causes of endometriosis include: genetic factors, problems with menstrual flow, surgery, hormones and problems with immune system. Menstrual flow can cause endometriosis since the tissue that is shed during the menstrual cycle flows through the fallopian tube to other parts of the body. It is possible for the problem to be inherited in the genes since it runs in families. The immune system may fail to destroy endometrial tissue growing inside the uterus. It is not possible to prevent endometriosis. Rather, you can only reduce the chances of developing it by lowering estrogen hormone in your body. Estrogen is known to thicken the lining of your uterus during the menstrual cycle. In order to lower the estrogen levels in your body you should do the following:
Seek help from the doctor about hormonal birth control methods such as patches, pills and rings that have lower estrogen doses.
Do exercises regularly. Regular exercises will help to keep body fat at low percentage.
Avoid large consumption of alcohol since it raises estrogen levels.
Avoid regular consumption of drinks that contain caffeine.
Problems with the ovaries: Ovaries are organs that are located in the lower part on either side of the woman’s uterus. The ovaries make hormones which trigger menstruation cycle. In every month, a tiny egg is released by the ovaries. The tiny egg makes its way down the fallopian tube for fertilization. Ovarian cysts are fluid filled sacs that form inside the ovaries.
There are different types of ovarian cysts. They include: functional cysts, Dermoid, endometriosis, Cyst adenomas and polycystic. Functional cyst takes place when the egg is not released. In cyst adenomas, cysts forms out of cells often on the surface of the ovary. Tumors that form in the ovaries are divided into three types: Germ cell tumors, Stromal tumors and epithelial cell tumors. Stromal tumors start in the cells that produce female hormones while germ cell hormones start inside the cells that produce the eggs. Factors that can lead to ovarian cancer include: Obesity, age, hormone replacement therapy, taking fertility drugs, smoking, breast cancer and failure to bear children.
6. Pelvic inflammatory disease: Cervix is well known to prevent bacteria from spreading to the internal organs. When the cervix is infected by a sexually transmitted disease, it will have less ability to prevent the spread of organisms to internal reproductive organs. The symptoms of pelvic inflammatory disease include:painful urination, pain during sexual intercourse, pain in lower abdomen, nausea, abnormal vaginal discharge and high fever. Here are common situations that put a woman into a high risk for Pelvic inflammatory disease. They include: Women who had earlier had a prior episode of Pelvic inflammatory disease, women who have many sexual partners, sexually active teenagers and women suffering from sexually transmitted diseases.
7. Ectopic pregnancy: This refers to a pregnancy where the fetus develops outside the uterus of a mother, in most cases in the fallopian tube. In most cases, ectopic pregnancy occurs when the fertilized egg attaches itself to the inside lining of the fallopian tube. The possible outcomes of tubal pregnancy include: The fallopian tube will stretch causing rupture accompanied my heavy internal bleeding, the pregnancy dies after few days and the stretch can cause symptoms. Symptoms of ectopic pregnancy develop around the sixth week during the pregnancy period. The symptoms that are commonly experienced are as follows:
Sharp pain in the lower abdomen develops and will slowly become worse.
Vaginal bleeding which is a bit different from menstrual bleeding.
Pain when passing faeces, diarrhea and feeling faint are the common symptoms experienced.
Shoulder pain develops which is normally caused by blood leaking into the abdomen.
Fallopian tube raptures and causes heavy internal bleeding.
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